Clarence "Richard" Byrd, 89, went to be with his Lord and Savior January 23, 2020. King. This was also seen in the film With Byrd at the South Pole (1930), which covered his trip there. His ancestors include planter John Rolfe and his wife Pocahontas, William Byrd II of Westover Plantation, who established Richmond, and Robert "King" Carter, a colonial governor. Byrd's Fairchild FC-2W2, NX8006, Stars And Stripes, is on display at the Virginia Aviation Museum located on the north side of the airport, on loan from the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC. John E. Smialek, Maryland's chief medical examiner, said that Mr. Byrd's family not suspected that he suffered from Alzheimer's, a brain disease that gradually robs its victims of memory and other intellectual powers. On June 8, 1912, Byrd graduated from the Naval Academy and was commissioned an ensign in the United States Navy. On 19th February 1947, Admiral Byrd led a squadron of planes over the North Pole. The film shows live-action footage of the operation, along with a few re-enacted scenes. The others were Admiral George Dewey, General John J. Pershing, and Admiral William T. Sampson. Admiral Byrd was one of the most highly decorated officers in the history of the United States Navy. Richard lived in Berryville, Virginia 22611, USA. [37] Byrd was present at the Japanese surrender in Tokyo Bay on September 2, 1945. Byrd was 6 years old when his father, Adm. Richard Evelyn Byrd, reached the North Pole, and in the 1940s, joined the admiral on an expedition to the South Pole. [3] Byrd and Bennett claimed to have reached the North Pole, a distance of 1,535 miles (1,335 nautical miles). The operations of the Antarctic Service have been a credit to the Government of the United States. To finance and gain both political and public support for his expeditions, Byrd actively cultivated relationships with many powerful individuals, including President Franklin Roosevelt, Henry Ford, Edsel Ford, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and Vincent Astor. Admiral Richard E. Byrd United States Navy 24 December 1956 —– End Of Quote —– It was in the following year after the above lines were supposedly written, that Admiral Richard E. Byrd died at the age of sixty-nine or seventy. His qualities of leadership and unselfish devotion to duty are in accordance with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. Although Byrd appeared to be suffering from malnutrition and dehydration, a cause of death remained undetermined. He was a member of National Sojourners Chapter No. Congress passed a special act on December 21, 1926, promoting him to the rank of commander and awarding both Floyd Bennett and him the Medal of Honor. He was recalled on active duty on March 26, 1942 and served as the confidential advisor to Admiral Ernest J. Byrd was one of only four American military officers in history entitled to wear a medal with his own image on it. In 1921, Byrd volunteered to attempt a solo nonstop crossing of the Atlantic Ocean, prefiguring Charles Lindbergh's historic flight by six years. In 1948, the U.S. Navy produced a documentary about Operation Highjump named The Secret Land. [citation needed], On January 20, 1915, Richard married Marie Donaldson Ames (d. 1974). General Orders: Letter Dated August 6, 1926. Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd Jr. (October 25, 1888 – March 11, 1957) was an American naval officer and explorer. 454, New York City, September 18, 1928. In 1928, Byrd began his first expedition to the Antarctic involving two ships and three airplanes: Byrd's flagship was the City of New York (a Norwegian sealing ship previously named Samson that had come into fame as a ship some claimed was in the vicinity of the Titanic when the latter was sinking) and the Eleanor Bolling (named after Byrd's mother); a Ford Trimotor airplane called the Floyd Bennett (named after the recently deceased pilot of Byrd's previous expeditions) flown by Dean Smith; a Fairchild FC-2W2, NX8006, built 1928, named Stars And Stripes (now displayed at the Virginia Aviation Museum, on loan from the National Air and Space Museum); and a Fokker Universal monoplane called the Virginia (Byrd's birth state). Unusual radio transmissions from Byrd finally began to alarm the men at the base camp, who then attempted to go to Advance Base. Admiral Byrd was interviewed by Lee van Atta of International News Service aboard the expedition's command ship USS Mount Olympus, in which he discussed the lessons learned from the operation. During the summer of 1923, then-Lieutenant Byrd and a group of volunteer Navy veterans of the First World War helped found the Naval Reserve Air Station (NRAS) at Squantum Point near Boston, using an unused First World War seaplane hangar which had remained more-or-less intact after the Victory Destroyer Plant shipyard was built on the site. During service in the Caribbean Sea, Byrd received his first letter of commendation, and later a Silver Lifesaving Medal, for twice plunging fully clothed to the rescue of a sailor who had fallen overboard. As a token of his gratitude, Byrd named geographic features in the Antarctic after his supporters. After their first winter, their expeditions were resumed, and on November 28, 1929, the first flight to the South Pole and back was launched. As Byrd's image is on both the first and second Byrd Antarctic Expedition Medals, he was the only American entitled to wear two medals with his own image on them. On one assignment he visited the fighting front in Europe. A static hero is a public liability. (April 1, 1934). Harry F. Byrd. In spite of a short operating season, he established two Antarctic bases 1,500 miles apart, where valuable scientific and economic investigations are now being carried on. Byrd was then assigned to the ill-fated dirigible ZR-2 (formerly known by the British designation of R-38). In the autumn of 1917, he was sent to naval aviation school at Pensacola, Florida. The accident affected him deeply and inspired him to make safety a top priority in all of his future expeditions. Arriving over France the next day, they were prevented from landing in Paris by cloud cover; they returned to the coast of Normandy and crash-landed near the beach at Ver-sur-Mer (known as Gold Beach during the Normandy Invasion on June 6, 1944) without fatalities on July 1, 1927. Byrd, along with pilot Bernt Balchen, co-pilot/radioman Harold June, and photographer Ashley McKinley, flew the Floyd Bennett to the South Pole and back in 18 hours, 41 minutes. … For his services during the war, he received a letter of commendation from Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels, which was after World War II converted to a Navy Commendation Medal. This is a digitized version of an article from The Times’s print archive, before the start of online publication in 1996. The interview appeared in the Wednesday, March 5, 1947, edition of the Chilean newspaper El Mercurio, and read in part: Admiral Richard E. Byrd warned today that the United States should adopt measures of protection against the possibility of an invasion of the country by hostile planes coming from the polar regions. The 50th anniversary of Byrd's first flight over the South Pole was commemorated in a set of two postage stamps by Australian Antarctic Territory in 1979. United States Naval Academy Midshipman – May 28, 1908 (Class of 1912), First Distinguished Service Medal citation, Second Distinguished Service Medal citation. Shortly thereafter, on December 14, 1916, he was assigned as the inspector and instructor for the Rhode Island Naval Militia in Providence, Rhode Island. The school opened in its present location in 2008 after its original location was converted to Sun Valley High School. He is, probably, the only individual to receive the Medal of Honor, Navy Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Silver Life Saving Medal. Rank and organization: Commander, United States Navy. Also in 1927 the City of Richmond dedicated the Richard Evelyn Byrd Flying Field, now Richmond International Airport, in Henrico County, Virginia. Photographic expeditions and geological surveys were undertaken for the duration of that summer, and constant radio communications were maintained with the outside world. He was identified through a Boston Transit Authority card pinned to his undershorts. He was the seventh recipient of the prestigious Hubbard Medal awarded by the National Geographic Society for his flight to the North Pole. [22], If Byrd and Bennett did not reach the North Pole, then the first flight over the pole occurred a few days later, on May 12, 1926, with the flight of the airship Norge that flew from Spitsbergen (Svalbard) to Alaska nonstop with a crew including Roald Amundsen, Umberto Nobile, Oscar Wisting, and Lincoln Ellsworth. Bennett, though, had started a memoir, given numerous interviews, and wrote an article for an aviation magazine about the flight before his death that all confirmed Byrd's version of the flight. (Coincidentally, in 1925, then Army Air Service Reserve Corps Lieutenant Charles Lindbergh had applied to serve as a pilot on Byrd's North Pole expedition, but apparently, his bid came too late. In the performance of his duty Rear Admiral Byrd served in the Navy Department and in various areas outside the continental limits of the United States, employed on special missions on the fighting fronts in Europe and the Pacific. Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd Jr. (October 25, 1888 – March 11, 1957) was an American naval officer and explorer. Prior to his death … (Although Germany was not at war with the United States at this time, Adolf Hitler had been serving as Führer of the German Reich since 1934, and invaded Poland the next year.). In 1931, Byrd became a compatriot of the Tennessee Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. After a further summer of exploration, the expedition returned to North America on June 18, 1930. The performance of duty of Rear Admiral Byrd was at all times in keeping with the highest traditions and reflected credit upon himself and the United States Naval Service. On February 14, 1779, Captain James Cook, the great English explorer and navigator, is killed by natives of Hawaii during his third visit to the Pacific island [15], The 1996 release of Byrd's diary of the May 9, 1926, flight revealed erased (but still legible) sextant sights that sharply differ from Byrd's later June 22 typewritten official report to the National Geographic Society. Byrd used New Zealand as his departure point for several of his Antarctic expeditions. [10], Shortly after the entry of the United States into the First World War in April 1917, Byrd oversaw the mobilization of the Rhode Island Naval Militia. The name was changed to R.E. It was decided that only men who had not served overseas were be allowed on the mission. By late 1924, the Byrd family moved into a large brownstone house at 9 Brimmer Street in Boston's fashionable Beacon Hill neighborhood[3] that had been purchased by Marie's father, a wealthy industrialist. His erased diary record shows the apparent (observed) solar altitude to have been 19°25'30", while his later official typescript reports the same 7:07:10 apparent solar altitude to have been 18°18'18". As fate would have it, Byrd missed his train to take him to the airship on August 24, 1921. The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd Jr. (NSN: 0–7918), United States Navy, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer of the Byrd Antarctic Expedition I, in that on November 28, 1929 he took off in his "Floyd Bennett" from the Expedition's base at Little America, Antarctica and, after a flight made under the most difficult conditions he reached the South Pole on November 29, 1929. The men remained at Advance Base until October 12. when an airplane from the base camp picked up Dr. Poulter and Byrd. Later discovery of Byrd's diary suggests they may have turned back 150 miles short of the pole due to an oil leak. Historical Events. Byrd was a native of Marion County and production scheduler for Anaconda Aluminum Co. Navy Book of Distinguished Service. 1929. On 11 March 1962, the fifth anniversary of the Admiral's death, the New Zealand National Memorial to Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd was dedicated at Wellington. King had also said that Byrd's death wasn't a hate-fueled murder but a drug deal gone awry. Richard had one brother: Harry Flood Byrd. Richard E. Byrd Jr., who lived his life in the shadow of his father, the admiral and Arctic explorer, was found dead last week in the darkness of an abandoned warehouse in … [2] He is also known for discovering Mount Sidley, the largest dormant volcano in Antarctica. Aircraft flights in which he served as a navigator and expedition leader crossed the Atlantic Ocean, a segment of the Arctic Ocean, and a segment of the Antarctic Plateau. In 1927, the Boy Scouts of America made Byrd an Honorary Scout, a new category of scout created that same year. See the article in its original context from. As quoted in Struggle : The Life and Exploits of Commander Richard E. Byrd (1928) by Charles John Vincent Murphy, p. 325; If the expedition had failed, which it might well have done with all hope centered in just one plane, I should still be trying to pay back my obligations. He was raised (became a Master Mason) in Federal Lodge No. Mr. Byrd apparently got off the train in Baltimore and began wandering, Mr. Smialek said. Byrd was one of several aviators who attempted to win the Orteig Prize in 1927 for making the first nonstop flight between the United States and France. The state medical examiner has ruled that Alzheimer's disease contributed to the death of Richard E. Byrd Jr., 68, son of famed polar explorer Adm. Richard E. Byrd. [citation needed], Byrd wrote an article for the August 1927 edition of Popular Science Monthly in which he accurately predicted that while specially modified aircraft with one to three crewmen would fly the Atlantic nonstop, another 20 years were needed before it would be realized on a commercial scale.[31]. It is not possible to know the history of the polar regions or undertake scientific investigation of the areas without being aware of Admiral Richard E. Byrd or benefitting from his contributions.As a navigational aviator, Byrd pioneered in the technology that would be the foundation for modern polar exploration and investigation. Memorials to Byrd can be found in two cities in New Zealand (Wellington and Dunedin). The man who found the entrance to hollow earth? From 1942 to 1945 he joined the South Pacific Island Base Inspection Board, which had important missions to the Pacific, including surveys of remote islands for airfields. Our Source: "Byrd Gets CBS Award." [citation needed], Once again, Byrd named Floyd Bennett as his chief pilot, with Norwegian Bernt Balchen], Bert Acosta, and Lieutenant George Noville as other crewmembers. The expedition was supported by a large naval force (designated Task Force 68), commanded by Rear Admiral Richard H. Cruzen. 1926-05-09 1st flight over the North Pole claimed by Richard E. Byrd and co-pilot Floyd Bennett. To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them. He was released from active duty on October 1, 1945. [11] He then commanded naval air forces at Naval Air Station Halifax in Nova Scotia, Canada, from July 1918 until the armistice in November. Admiral Byrd is the only person to have three ticker-tape parades in New York City (in 1926, 1927, and 1930) given in his honor. Prior to his death in 1957, I Operation Highjump was a multinational effort led by the United States to establish a base at the North Pole. Understanding a little more about Admiral Byrd, and the time in which he lived, might help us to understand a bit more about exactly what may have happened to him. Sounds hard to believe I know, but the more you research the more you will see this is true. On May 9, 1926, Byrd and Navy Chief Aviation Pilot Floyd Bennett attempted a flight over the North Pole in a Fokker F.VIIa/3m tri-motor monoplane named Josephine Ford after the daughter of Ford Motor Company president Edsel Ford, who helped finance the expedition. Bennett’s character and ability caught the attention of his commander, and he soon became Byrd's close friend and personal pilot. Death of Admiral's Son Explained by Coroner. Biographical Fast Facts . In recognition of his service during World War II, Byrd was twice awarded the Legion of Merit.[38]. Father: Richard Evelyn Byrd Brother: Richard E. Byrd (polar explorer) Wife: Anne Douglas Beverage (m. 7-Oct-1913) Son: Harry F. Byrd, Jr. It’s a name that many in the […] Byrd attended the Virginia Military Institute for two years and spent one year at the University of Virginia before financial circumstances inspired his transfer to the United States Naval Academy, where he was appointed as a midshipman on May 28, 1908. Balchen, whose knowledge of arctic flight operations proved invaluable, was the primary pilot on Byrd's flight to the South Pole in 1929. [3][19] Bennett died on April 25, 1928, during a flight to rescue downed aviators in Greenland. The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Legion of Merit to Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd Jr. (NSN: 0–7918), United States Navy, for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States while in command of a Special Navy Mission to the Pacific from August 27, 1943, to December 5, 1943, when thirty-three islands of the Pacific were surveyed or investigated for the purpose of recommending air base sites of value to the United States for its defense or for the development of post-war civil aviation. [25][26], In 1927, Byrd announced he had the backing of the American Trans-Oceanic Company, which had been established in 1914 by department-store magnate Rodman Wanamaker for the purpose of building aircraft to complete nonstop flights across the Atlantic Ocean. [17], Since 1926, doubts have been raised, defenses made, and heated controversy arose over whether or not Byrd actually reached the North Pole. Demas, and Amory Waite arrived at Advance Base, where they found Byrd in poor physical health. Talking about the recently completed expedition, Byrd said that the most important result of his observations and discoveries is the potential effect that they have in relation to the security of the United States. Byrd, Balchen, Acosta, and Noville flew from Roosevelt Field, East Garden City, New York, in the America on June 29, 1927. Full Name: Robert Carlyle Byrd (born Cornelius Calvin Sale Jr.) Known for: American politician. In 1930, Byrd was awarded a gold medal by Kane Lodge.[45][46]. In 1925, Bennett was assigned to Lieutenant Commander Richard E. Byrd's naval aviation group attached to D. B. MacMillan's expedition to Greenland. THE STORY OF BYRD AS AN EXPLORER BEGINS In the interest of disclosure, I also contributed a few chapters to "Secret Exploits of Admiral Richard E. Byrd," including a Q and A with Tim R. Swartz, Beckley's resident expert on all things Byrd. Bennett served as his pilot in his flight to the North Pole the next year. A base camp named "Little America" was constructed on the Ross Ice Shelf, and scientific expeditions by snowshoe, dog sled, snowmobile, and airplane began. [36], In late 1938, Byrd visited Hamburg, and was invited to participate in the 1938/1939 German "Neuschwabenland" Antarctic Expedition, but declined. General Orders: Board Serial 176P00 (February 4, 1946), Action Date: March 26, 1942 – October 1, 1945. [7] Byrd's last assignment before forced retirement was to the presidential yacht USS Mayflower. The expedition continued in Antarctica without him until the last of its participants left Antarctica on March 22, 1941. He was also a member of numerous other patriotic, scientific, and charitable organizations, including the Explorers Club, the American Legion, and the National Geographic Society. [8][9] While serving in this position, he was commended by Brigadier General Charles W. Abbot, the adjutant general of Rhode Island, for making great strides in improving the efficiency of the militia, and on April 25, 1928, was promoted to captain by act of the Rhode Island General Assembly in recognition of his flight to the North Pole in 1926. [1] He was a recipient of the Medal of Honor, the highest honor for valor given by the United States, and was a pioneering American aviator, polar explorer, and organizer of polar logistics. The Institute of Polar Studies at the Ohio State University officially changed its name to the Byrd Polar Research Center (BPRC) on January 21, 1987, after it acquired Byrd's expeditionary records, personal papers, and other memorabilia in 1985 from the estate of Marie A. Byrd, the late wife of Admiral Byrd. 1917. AKA Richard Evelyn Byrd. Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd, historic American icon famous for his explorations of the Earth’s polar extremities, was widely regarded during his lifetime as a pioneer and hero. He displayed courage, initiative, vision, and a high order of ability in obtain data and in submitting reports which will be of great present and future value to the National Defense and to the Government of the United States in the post-war period. Also in 1929, he received the Langley Gold Medal from the Smithsonian Institution. TimesMachine is an exclusive benefit for home delivery and digital subscribers. During World War II he was commissioned an ensign in the Naval Reserve on April 6, 1942 and was promoted to lieutenant (junior … Byrd lost several friends in the accident, and was involved in the subsequent recovery operations and investigation. The airship broke apart in midair, killing 44 of 49 crew members on board. Born: October 25, 1888, Winchester, Va. Aircraft flights in which he served as a navigator and expedition leader crossed the Atlantic Ocean, a segment of the Arctic Ocean, and a segment of the Antarctic Plateau. Admiral Flew Over Both Poles and Helped Establish Antarctic as a Continent", "Milestones:Long-Range Shortwave Voice Transmissions from Byrd's Antarctic Expedition, 1934", http://stanforddailyarchive.com/cgi-bin/stanford?a=d&d=stanford19270329-01.2.77, "Richard E. Byrd – International Air & Space Hall of Fame", "Congressional Gold, Silver, and Bronze Medals awarded to the members of Rear Admiral Richard Byrd's first Antarctic expedition", "The North Pole Flight of Richard E. Byrd: An Overview of the Controversy", "Richard E. Byrd's 1926 Flight Towards the North Pole", "A navigation expert's look at how Byrd's claim is one possible interpretation of his diary", "The Byrd Polar Research Center at Ohio State University", Longines Chronoscope with Richard E. Byrd, Newspaper clippings about Richard E. Byrd, Philip White Scrapbooks and Correspondence on Admiral Richard Byrd and the Byrd Antarctic Expedition of 1928–1933, Frederick G. Dustin logbook of Second Byrd Antarctic Expedition, The Papers of Thomas B. Mulroy on Richard E. Byrd's Antarctic Expedition, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Richard_E._Byrd&oldid=998744103, Recipients of the Navy Cross (United States), United States Navy Medal of Honor recipients, Recipients of the Distinguished Flying Cross (United States), United States Navy rear admirals (upper half), Recipients of the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, Non-combat recipients of the Medal of Honor, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles needing additional references from November 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 21:03. For distinguishing himself conspicuously by courage and intrepidity at the risk of his life, in demonstrating that it is possible for aircraft to travel in continuous flight from a now inhabited portion of the earth over the North Pole and return. Richard's cause of death was malnutrition and dehydration related to alzheimer's disease. Richard E. Byrd Elementary School, a Department of Defense school located in Negishi (Yokohama, Japan) opened on September 20, 1948. Byrd. Legacy.com enhances online obituaries with Guest Books, funeral home information, and florist links. He wore a green worker's uniform and one shoe. 3 at Washington. Made 5 Polar Expeditions. He carried the society's flag during his first Antarctic expedition to dramatize the spirit of adventure into the unknown, characterizing both the natural and social sciences.[34][35]. On board was mail from the US Postal Service to demonstrate the practicality of aircraft. Action Date: August 27 – December 5, 1943. Rear Admiral Byrd did much toward the difficult task of organizing the expedition, which was accomplished in one fourth of the time generally necessary for such undertakings. [3] It was the largest Antarctic expedition to date and was expected to last 6–8 months. [42], Admiral Byrd died in his sleep of a heart ailment at the age of 68 on March 11, 1957, at his home at 7 Brimmer Street in the Beacon Hill neighborhood in Boston. [44], Byrd was an active Freemason. As the plane was being repaired, Charles Lindbergh won the prize by completing his historic flight on May 21, 1927. Admiral Richard E.Byrd, 1888-1957. The total number of personnel involved was over 4,000. [28] In France, Byrd and his crew were received as heroes and Byrd was invested as an Officer of the French Legion of Honor by Prime Minister Raymond Poincare on July 6. In 1958. the Richard Byrd library, part of the Fairfax County Public Library system opened in Springfield, Virginia. They usually refer to data extracted from death indexes and death certificates, therefore they include personal details about the deceased (Name, Time of Death, Cause of Death, Place of Death). Progress grows out of motion. Richard E. Byrd, 35, of 9203 Fawnridge Place, died at 5 a.m. Wednesday at his home. matthew pemberton says: August 20, 2020 at 7:26 pm [18] Balchen claimed that Bennett had confessed to him months after the flight that Byrd and he had not reached the pole. This statement was made as part of a recapitulation of his own polar experience, in an exclusive interview with International News Service. Byrd commanded the aviation unit of the arctic expedition to North Greenland led by Donald B. MacMillan from June to October 1925. He was assigned state membership number 605 and national membership number 50430. To be a crew member in the U.S. Navy 's 1919 aerial crossing. Governmental and private entities in the subsequent recovery operations and investigation number and... 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From not eating or drinking train in Baltimore and began wandering, Mr. said... In history entitled to wear a Medal with his Lord and Savior January 23 2020...

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